Prince William and Harry feud echoes George VI and Edward VIII tension
How Prince William and Harry’s feud echoes the bad blood between George VI and his disgraced older brother Edward VIII (with their wives despising each other too!)
- George VI was mocked by his brother for his terrible stammer in childhood
- The pair fell out badly after Edward’s decision to abdicate in 1936
The bitterness between Prince William and Prince Harry may be threatening to tear the Royal family apart, but it is nothing new.
From the tension between William the Conqueror’s sons in the 11th century to the antagonism between Queen Mary and her younger sister Elizabeth I, royal sibling rivalry goes back centuries.
But the most direct comparison to Harry and William’s situation was the bad blood – still within living memory – between the late Queen’s father King George VI and her disgraced uncle Edward VIII.
What had been largely typical childhood tensions morphed into an intense feud after older brother Edward – whose family name was David – abdicated in 1936 so he could marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson.
The most direct comparison to Harry and William’s feud is the bad blood – still within living memory – between the late Queen’s father King George VI and her disgraced uncle Edward VIII. Above: George (left) and Edward at the funeral of their father King George VI
Prince Edward and Prince Albert – the future King George VI – are seen with their mother, Queen Mary
The bitterness between Prince William and Prince Harry – typified by the younger brother’s stated resentment at being the ‘spare’ – is nothing new. Above: The pair at the unveiling of a statue of their late mother Princess Diana in the grounds of Kensington Palace in July 2021
Now, it is George VI we remember for steering Britain through the dark days of the Second World War, defying a debilitating stammer to do so.
And it was Edward, the one with the good looks, athleticism and confidence, who was cast out into ignominious exile.
Younger by 18 months, George – family name Albert – who was ridiculed during his childhood by Edward and his father, George V, for his terrible stammer.
Whilst Edward was a natural athlete and confident with it, George had to grapple with gastric problems and knock-knees alongside his speech issues.
In January 1907, when Edward was 12 and George was aged 11, the pair’s tutor, Henry Hansell, told how he was struggling to keep the peace when teaching them.
He reported: ‘It is extraordinary how the presence of one acts as a sort of “red rag” to the other’.
Whilst George did later look up to older brother, seeing him as a mentor figure, the pair’s relationship suffered a major blow when Edward took up with Wallis.
The socialite is believed to have become the Prince of Wales’ mistress in 1934, and Edward did not hide the relationship when he succeeded his father, George V, on his death in January 1936.
Just like the tensions that have emerged between the royal couples Harry and Meghan and William and Kate, there was significant friction between Edward and Wallis and George and his wife Elizabeth, the future Queen Mother.
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Wallis called Elizabeth the ‘fat Scotch cook’, whilst she and Edward also referred to her as ‘cookie’.
The famous diarist Chips Channon noted in July 1936: ‘The Simpson scandal is growing, and she, poor Wallis, looks unhappy.
‘The world is closing around her, the flatterers, the sycophants, and the malice…’
Royal biographer Sarah Bradford notes in her book, George VI: The Dutiful King: ‘Tension between the Yorks and Wallis reached its highest point so far at Balmoral in late September .’
‘It would be the last time they were to meet socially, and, when they did, the disapproval on their side and the dislike on hers were publicly noticeable.’
The Yorks were said to be unhappy at how Edward had invited Wallis to Balmoral for his first visit there as King, only six months after the death of his father.
Issues were further exacerbated by the King’s decision to meet Wallis in Aberdeen on the same day that he had gotten his brother and the Duchess of York to take on an official engagement in the city, on the grounds that he was unable to attend.
Later, at a dinner party in September, the Duchess of York ignored Wallis when the American defied convention by stepping forward to greet her before the King.
Royal historian Alexander Larman, the author of The Crown in Crisis: Countdown to the Abdication, previously told MailOnline: ‘Up to the abdication in 1936, Edward was the mentor figure. George looked up to him.
‘He relied on his elder brother, and that’s why the abdication was a personal betrayal to him.
‘After he became king, George always referred to the abdication as that dreadful day.
The Daily Mail’s coverage on December 11, 1936, reported the details of King Edward’s speech, in which he announced his decision to abdicate
Edward, Duke of Windsor and Wallis Simpson married on 3 June 1937 at a private ceremony at the Chateau de Cande
Wallis called the Queen Mother the ‘fat Scotch cook’ and they shared a dislike of each other. Wallis is pictured, centre, the Queen on the left and the Queen Mother on the right at Edward’s funeral in 1972
Edward (left) and Prince Albert – known as George as King – seen together as teenagers
Prince Edward (top) and his brother Prince Albert (right) are seen with their father King George V on Armistice Day in 1922
Prince Albert, later King George VI (1895 – 1952) (left) and Edward VIII (1894 – 1972), as Prince Edward
Prince Edward and Prince Albert are seen with their tutor Peter Hansell at Balmoral in 1911
Queen Mary poses with her two oldest sons, the Prince of Wales and the Duke of York
‘He felt he had been betrayed by his elder brother, but Edward felt he had been betrayed by George because he wouldn’t allow Wallis the title of Her Royal Highness.’
The brothers’ relationship became ‘very acrimonious very quickly’, to the point that, when Edward and Wallis married in 1937 after the former king’s abdication, ‘George was not only not there but he wouldn’t allow any other members of the family to attend,’ Mr Larman added.
The new Duke of Windsor, who had been given his new title by his brother, did not see George again until 1939. Their next meeting did not come until six years later.
George is said to have felt that his brother had betrayed him by giving up the throne and forcing him to take up his responsibilities.
Wallis Simpson and King Edward VIII: A scandal that rocked a nation
January 1931 – Wallis meets Prince Edward in January 1931, after being introduced via her friend Lady Furness
1931- 1934 – The American divorcee and the heir to the throne see each other regularly at various parties
August 1934 – Wallis admits she and Edward are no longer just friends, after joining him on a cruise
January 1936 – King George V dies. Edward asks Wallis to watch the proclamation of his accession with him from St. James’s Palace
August 1936 – The pair enjoy a cruise around the Adriatic sea with friends. Details of their relationship appear in the American press
December 11, 1936 – Edward announces his abdication
June 3, 1937 – The couple get married in the south of France. Wallis was formally known as the Duchess of Windsor, but was not allowed to share her husband’s title of ‘Royal Highness.’
He refused to let Edward live in Britain and even threatened to cut off his brother’s allowance if he tried to come back without invitation.
Whilst the pair did come close to reconciling after the Second World War, the tensions re-emerged when Edward made another attempt to get Wallis HRH status.
‘By 1949, he was demanding that his wife be given this title,’ Mr Larman said.
‘Edward came to blame his brother for this and it culminated in this furious row in 1949 and that was essentially the end of the relationship between them.’
King George’s refusal to give Wallis HRH status was made clear in Letters Patent that said Edward’s ‘wife and descendants, if any shall not hold said title or attribute.’
When George was unwell in 1949 after an operation to cut a nerve at the base of his spine, Edward – believing that his brother may die – contemplated ‘usurping’ his niece, the future Queen Elizabeth, according to royal author Christopher Wilson.
Speaking in an interview with the BBC’s Kenneth Harris in 1970, Edward had said he offered his services to the King but was not given a new role after his time as Governor of the Bahamas in the war.
Asked why that was, he replied, ‘You’d have to ask…. Most of the people, I’m afraid, are underground now who prevented me. Oh, I don’t know, it is hard to say.’
Edward and Wallis spent their married life living in France and travelling frequently to the United States.
The royal brothers failed to reconcile before George’s death from lung cancer in 1952, and he remained a firm outcast when the Queen inherited the throne.
The Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VIII, at the Royal Airforce Memorial, with his brother Prince Albert (later George VI) in 1925
George VI (left) is seen with his older brother Edward and sister Mary, Princess Royal, in 1901
Prince Edward is seen holding his baby brother Prince Albert – future King George VI – in 1903
The newspaper reported how the former king had ‘renounced the Throne and all his titles and will leave the country to-night’
In a visit that coincided with a state visit to France in May 1972, Her Late Majesty did go to see Edward – then gravely ill – at his home near Paris.
The duke, suffering from lung cancer, was too ill to properly receive her and Prince Philip, and so photographs only show them with Wallis.
Edward ultimately died just ten days after the Queen’s visit.
His body was returned to Britain, where it lay in state in St George’s Chapel at Windsor, before he was laid to rest in the Royal Burial Ground.
The long history of rivalry between royal siblings
Going back to the 11th century, the rivalry among the sons of William the Conqueror – Robert, William and Henry – was full of tension.
In the end, Robert – the eldest – was given Normandy, whilst middle son William Rufus was granted England, and Henry was only given money.
In 1088, the year after William took the English crown, Robert allied with English barons in an unsuccessful attempt to displace him.
Although William survived this rebellion, he was killed in a hunting accident in the New Forest in 1100.
Henry then immediately came to England to seize power. He was crowned Henry I.
Henry I and William Rufus, the sons of William the Conqueror, both coveted the English crown. William was King of England for 13 years before his death in a hunting accident in 1100 allowed Henry to seize power
Half a century later, the squabbles between the two oldest sons of Henry II erupted into armed conflict.
The more senior of the two, also called Henry, faced off against ‘spare’ Richard.
But when Henry died before his father, Richard went on to be crowned.
But he then had to cope with the ambition of another sibling, youngest brother John.
Richard the Lionheart (left) grappled with the ambition of his younger sibling, the future King John (right)
When Richard died in 1199 after a battle wound turned gangrenous, it was John – famous for presiding over the baronial revolt that led to the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215 – who became king.
In the 15th century, Edward IV also had to cope with a revolt by his younger brother, George, the Duke of Clarence.
Whilst he survived this, his sudden death in 1483 led to the infamous seizure of power by his other brother Richard III, who took the throne from his sibling’s young son, also called Edward.
Before becoming Queen, Elizabeth I was famously imprisoned by her elder sister Mary I, who took the crown following the death of their brother, Edward VI.
At the core of their antagonism was the fact that Mary was a strict Catholic, whilst Elizabeth was a Protestant.
Before becoming Queen, Elizabeth I (left) was famously imprisoned by her elder sister Mary I (right), who took the crown following the death of their brother, Edward VI
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